33rd Letter: Guarding Fords, Building Breastworks (March 29, 1863)

March 29 63

Franklin, Southhampton Cty. Va-

Dear Mother-

I rcd your welcome letter by George Dooley and hasten to reply as I have an opportunity to send one tomorrow, though I have no news of importance to communicate.

Unknown

Click image to learn about Confederate breastwork construction.


We have moved our camp about 5 miles The Brigade is scattered about the River guarding fords and working on breastworks, our company will have to work on them tomorrow, for the first time since we have been in service, but if we have to fight I would rather fight them in breastworks than in the open field.

Our Pickets occasionally ou have a skirmish with the Yankee cavalry, but as yet we have had no fight, nor I don’t think we will unless they try to take Richmond by way of Petersburg.

I have been listening every day to hear of them fighting at Vicksburg. It is rumored that they Yanks tried to cross the River at Fredericksburg but failed, but it is seldom now that we ever get any papers and can not keep posted.

I hope the Yanks will keep out of Lafayette this summer and give you all a chance to make some thing to eat.

Do not think hard of me writing no more, for I have nothing that would interest me you- If you have a chance send me a shirt, I have enough of socks and drawers now.

Give my love to all the family and tell them to write soon. Do so your self.

Your devoted son. PM Buford

 

 

 

 

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Blogger’s Notes:

A History of Company G, Eleventh Mississippi Regiment, C.S.A. documents information about a comrade mentioned in this letter by Parham.

  • George M. Dooley, who delivered the mentioned letter to Parham, enlisted twenty years of age and single.  He was present and wounded at Seven Pines.  On account of wound and sickness he was with the company no more until the battle of the Wilderness; he was present two days, and again at Tolles Mill, where the record says he was mortally wounded, and died May 26 at Richmond, Va.  His wound was through the left shoulder.
  • William B. Cullen appears to have delivered this letter to Parham’s family based on information written to his sister on April 1, 1863. Cullen enlisted April 26, 1861, at Oxford, Miss., for one year.  Born in Virginia, was a clerk at Oxford, Miss.; eighteen years of age and single.  He was severely wounded at Seven Pines and lost his right arm, and was retired January, 1863. This letter was written, and presumably delivered from camp, months after Seven Pines and Cullen being retired from service; maybe the necessary timeframe for his being fit for travel.
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23rd Letter: Run Away (July 11, 1862)

In camp two miles from Richmond Va

My Dear Parents-              July. 11th, 62-

July 11 1862 1/2

July 11, 1862: page 1

Again I am permitted to pen you a few lines, which I think you will surely get as it will be carried by Newt Shaw who was wounded in the ever memorable battle before Richmond in which we drove the enemy 25 miles, where they sought shelter under their Gun Boats- I will not give any particulars about the fight as he can tell you all you want to know about that fight and the one at Seven Pines

Parham describes the Yankees as fleeing

Parham describes the Yankees as fleeing “every man for himself” like a “gang of sheep.”

We drove the enemy out of two breastworks made of logs and supported by 10 pieces of artillery which we took I mean our Brigade. We had four killed in our company and 10 or 12 wounded. When we charged, we never stopped untill within 30 yards of the first breastwork, where we halted and commenced shooting, being there about 15 minutes during which time I think I shot 15 rounds, the minie ball and canister shot- falling as thick as hail in our devoted ranks. They give the order to charge again and down the hill we went with a yell. and before we got within 20 ft of the breast work the Yankees started, every man for himself throwing away every thing that impeded their progress- They went like a gang of sheep, then I wanted a double barreled Shot-Gun.  I shot 20 rounds altogether, took one prisoner and got one bullet hole through my coat sleeve. As I said before Newt can tell you all the particulars so I will close, for I know you can hardly read this.

July 11 1862 2/2

July 11, 1862: page 2

One of our best men, Mr Paine was killed- though I think he is in a better world than this-

You all must write every opportunity. I will do the same. for I believe we will get some rest now- Nothing more at present. I remain your devoted son

P M Buford


Blogger’s Notes:

  • This rushed letter is a brief recap of the previous two already posted.  Parham mentioned in the previous letter that his cousin, Newt Shaw, was wounded during the Battle of Gaines’ Mill.  Here we see that Newt returns home to recover and hand delivers this letter to Parham’s parents in College Hill, Mississippi.
  • A History of Company G, Eleventh Mississippi Regiment, C.S.A. documents information about comrades mentioned by Parham.
    • David B. (DB) Paine was during Gaines’s Mill mortally wounded and died at Field Hospital, June 27, 1862…He deserves more than a brief mention when speaking of faithful soldiers.  He was most methodical and conscientious in the discharge of every duty called upon to perform, and…that the Confederacy lost a hero who deserves to be held in loving memory in the person of David Brainerd Paine. This 21 year old man left quite an impression on survivors of the Lamar Rifles 40 years later and was held in high regard by Parham in letters.  What greater legacy is there for one to leave behind than to be described by comrades as ever faithful in carrying-out duties and Christian?
    • William N. (Newt) Shaw was present at…Gaines’s Farm and was absent wounded until he was present second day at Sharpsburg…at Weldon Railroad, where he was killed on first day.