Parham wrote in the previous posted letter that he, along with the Army of Northern Virginia, received orders to march North into Maryland. Confederates and Federals converged at the Battle of Sharpsburg, also known as Antietam, and Parham lived to write of the bloodiest single day battle in all of American history.
Click the image of the National Park Service emblem to learn about the political context, both domestic and international, which revolved around the Maryland Campaign. Antietam National Battlefield rangers describe how 23,000 soldiers were killed, wounded or missing after twelve hours of savage combat on September 17, 1862. The Battle of Antietam ended the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia’s first invasion into the North and led to Abraham Lincoln’s issuance of the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.